BRIEF HISTORY OF UA
In June 1963, Vivian J. Malone and James A. Hood became
the first African-Americans to sustain enrollment at the University.
This second attempt to integrate the University was peaceful in
comparison to the riots that accompanied Autherine Lucy Foster's
enrollment, due in large part to the University's meticulous planning
of the event. However, then-Governor George Wallace had vowed in
his inaugural address to "stand in the schoolhouse door" if necessary
to prevent federal authorities from integrating any school in the
state. True to his word, Wallace stood in front of Foster Auditorium
on June 11, 1963, when Malone and Hood arrived to register for classes.
Ordered to "cease and desist" by a proclamation from President Kennedy,
Wallace refused to step aside for more than four hours until Brigadier
General Henry Graham of the Thirty-first Division of the National
Guard enforced the presidential order.
Due to pioneering efforts of Malone and Hood, Dave
Mack McGlathery was able to register without incident at the University's
Huntsville extension on June 12, 1963. After graduating from the
University in 1965 with a business degree, Malone went to work for
the civil rights division of the U.S. Department of Justice. In
1988, the board of trustees overturned Autherine Lucy Foster's expulsion,
and she returned to The University of Alabama, enrolling in a master's
program at the same time her daughter, Grazia Foster, was an undergraduate
student here. In 1992, mother and daughter graduated together, Autherine
Lucy Foster with a master's degree in elementary education and Grazia
Foster with a bachelor's degree in corporate finance. While James
Hood left the University before completing his undergraduate degree,
he returned to campus in 1995 and received a Ph.D. in interdisciplinary
studies in 1997.
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