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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (BSC)

Office: 319 Biology Building

BSC 108 Introductory Biology for Non-Majors I. 4 hours.

Lecture and laboratory. Not open to biology majors or minors, pre–health professions students, or students with credit for BSC 114:115 and BSC 116:117 (or the honors equivalents, BSC 118 and BSC 120). Survey of the basic principles of cellular biology, genetics, plant and animal diversity, and evolution. Usually offered fall, spring, and summer. BSC 108 and BSC 109 may be taken in either order.

BSC 109 Introductory Biology for Non-Majors II. 4 hours.

Lecture and laboratory. Not open to biology majors or minors, or to pre–health professions students. Study of the physiology of living organisms, with emphasis on the physiology of humans. Includes an overview of general ecology and animal behavior. Usually offered fall, spring, and summer. BSC 108 and BSC 109 may be taken in either order.

BSC 114 Principles of Biology I. 3 hours.

For biology majors, biology minors, and pre–health professions students. Study of general biological principles, including the chemical basis of life; cellular biology, including cell structure and metabolism, genetics, evolution; and a survey of simple organisms, including viruses, bacteria, protista, and fungi. Usually offered in summer school. NOTE: A student must take both BSC 114 and BSC 115 in order to use either one of the courses to satisfy a portion of the natural science (N) requirement of the University Core Curriculum.

BSC 115 Biology I Laboratory. 1 hour.

Prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 114.

NOTE: A student must take both BSC 114 and BSC 115 in order to use either one of the courses to satisfy a portion of the natural science (N) requirement of the University Core Curriculum.

BSC 116 Principles of Biology II. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 114 or BSC 118.

For biology majors, biology minors, and pre–health professions students. Study of the structure, function, and ecology of organisms, including bryophytes, vascular plants, invertebrate animals, and vertebrate animals. Usually offered in summer school. NOTE: A student must take both BSC 116 and BSC 117 in order to use either one of the courses to satisfy a portion of the natural science (N) requirement of the University Core Curriculum.

BSC 117 Biology II Laboratory. 1 hour.
Prerequisite: BSC 115.

NOTE: A student must take both BSC 116 and BSC 117 in order to use either one of the courses to satisfy a portion of the natural science (N) requirement of the University Core Curriculum.

BSC 118 Honors General Biology I. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: Membership in the University Honors Program (or equivalent placement scores) or 3.3 college/university grade point average.

Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 101 or CH 117 (or high-school chemistry).

Lecture, discussion period, and laboratory. Thorough study of general biological principles, including the chemical basis of life, cellular biology, genetics, evolution, and a survey of prokaryotic organisms.

BSC 120 Honors General Biology II. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: Membership in the University Honors Program (or equivalent placement scores) or 3.3 college/university grade point average; and BSC 118 or BSC 114.

Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 101 or CH 117 (or high-school chemistry).

Lecture, discussion period, and laboratory. Thorough study of the structure, function, physiology, and ecology of organisms, including higher and lower plants and vertebrates and invertebrate animals.

A maximum of 12 hours of 100-level biology courses (BSC 108, BSC 109, BSC 114:115, BSC 116:117, BSC 118, BSC 120) may be applied to degree requirements.

BSC 215 Human Anatomy and Physiology I. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 108 or BSC 109 or BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, or permission of the instructor.

Lecture, laboratory, and laboratory lecture. Integrated survey of human anatomy and physiology that includes cellular aspects; tissues and skin; the skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine systems; and the special senses of sight, hearing, taste, and smell.

BSC 216 Human Anatomy and Physiology II. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 108 or BSC 109 or BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, or permission of the instructor.

Lecture, laboratory, and laboratory lecture. Integrated survey of human anatomy and physiology that includes the respiratory, circulatory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.

BSC 242 Microbiology and Man. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: One semester of biology and two semesters of chemistry.

For students majoring in nursing, education, and human environmental sciences. Lecture and laboratory. Introduction to microbiology with an emphasis on the relationships between man and protozoa, bacteria, viruses, and fungi. NOTE: Credit will not be granted for both BSC 242 and BSC 310.

BSC 300 Cell Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, and CH 101 or CH 117, and CH 102 or CH 118.

The course is designed to provide an understanding of the molecular basis of cell function. Topics include metabolism, gene control, cell membranes, and cell-to-cell signaling.

BSC 303 Field Zoology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

A field-based course with lecture and lab combined. A survey of the taxonomy, ecology, and identification of local biota. Offered irregularly.

BSC 305 Biology, Environment, and Resource Development. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: Freshman biology course or high-school biology.

Introduction to the biological implications of human population growth and activity.

BSC 306 Marine Biology (same as MS 306). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 310 Microbiology. 5 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and CH 231; or permission of the instructor.

Lecture and laboratory. Survey course on microorganisms, including protozoa, bacteria, viruses, fungi, and algae. Credit will not be granted for both BSC 310 and BSC 242.

BSC 311 General Bacteriology and Bacterial Physiology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 310 and CH 232, or permission of the instructor.

Fundamental course in bacteriology with emphasis on bacterial morphology, physiology, nutrition, and genetics.

BSC 313 General Bacteriology Laboratory. 3 hours.

Prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 311.

Lecture and laboratory. Course presents methods for the isolation, microscopic observation, enumeration, and determination of the biochemical characteristics of bacteria.

BSC 315 Genetics. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, and CH 101:102 or CH 117 and CH 118.

Study of transmission and function of genes, gene organization, regulation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes, and applications of genetics. NOTE: Credit will not be granted for both BSC 309 and BSC 315.

BSC 320 Freshwater Studies (same as GY 320 and GEO 320). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. Introduction to freshwater natural history and ecology with specific emphasis on the common freshwater habitats of Alabama.

BSC 321 Marine Technical Methods I (same as MS 321). 2 hours.
Prerequisites: General physics, general chemistry, and 12 hours in a single science discipline. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 322 Marine Technical Methods II (same as MS 322). 2 hours.
Prerequisites: General physics, general chemistry, and 12 hours in a single science discipline. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 345 Economic Botany. 3 hours.

A consideration of plants that are of economic significance to humans in both primitive and modern cultures. Offered irregularly.

BSC 350 Introduction to Inquiry. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115, BSC 116:117 (or BSC 118 and BSC 120), and CH 101 and CH 102 (or CH 117 and CH 118).

A discovery-based laboratory/recitation experience in which teams of students use a variety of sources to explore real-world problems focused on a unifying theme and plan experiments to test hypotheses. Utilizing skills in ecological and molecular techniques, experiments will be conducted to address the problem, and results will be presented as a scientific report and oral presentation.

BSC 360 Plant Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, or permission of the instructor.

Introduction to the biology of embryophytes with emphasis on their development, evolution, and ecology.

BSC 362 Plant Biology Laboratory. 1 hour.

Prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 360.

Laboratory.

BSC 371 Biology of the Lower Plants. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory.

BSC 373 Vertebrate Zoology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. Introductory course in the study of vertebrate zoology. Subjects included are principles of systematics and nomenclature, a survey of vertebrate taxa, the species concept, analysis of taxonomic characters, and an introduction to zoogeography and behavior.

BSC 376 Invertebrate Zoology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. The classification, morphology, evolution, and ecology of invertebrate animals.

BSC 385 General Ecology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and MATH 112.

A study of the general principles of ecology, covering evolution, autoecology, energetics, nutrient cycling, population dynamics, competition, predation, and community analysis.

BSC 386 General Ecology Laboratory. 2 hours.

Prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 385.

Offered irregularly.

BSC 390 Honors Thesis Research in Biological Sciences. 1 to 4 hours.
Prerequisite: Acceptance in the Biological Sciences Honors Program.

Individual research conducted under the direction of an advisor and reported in an acceptable thesis. May be repeated over two to four semesters for a maximum 8 hours.

BSC 391 Tutorial in Biological Sciences. 1 to 2 hours.
Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing and permission of the instructor prior to registration.

Survey of the literature relating to a topic approved by the supervising faculty member; not to include laboratory or field research. A formal paper and/or examination is required. May be taken for one credit hour in each of two consecutive semesters, or for one or two credit hours in any one semester. Offered according to demand.

BSC 396 Resident Study at an Approved Biological Station. 1 to 6 hours.
Prerequisite: Written approval from the department office prior to registration. Credit awarded is determined by the extent of the student’s participation but may not exceed 6 hours.

BSC 398 Undergraduate Research in Biological Sciences. 1 to 4 hours.
Prerequisites: Permission of a supervising faculty member and the department chairperson; written synopsis of proposed project and method of attack.

Independent research or research participation. A maximum of 4 hours credit for BSC 398 may be applied to the requirements of the biology and microbiology majors; an additional 4 hours may be taken as elective credit and applied to the 120-hour requirement. Offered in the fall, spring, and summer semesters.

BSC 400 Vertebrate Functional Morphology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, BSC 300, and junior standing or permission of the instructor.

Recommended for pre–health professions students. Lecture and laboratory. The comparative anatomy of the vertebrates with emphasis on functional features of several vertebrate species. Laboratory work deals mainly with identifying anatomical features of several vertebrate species.

BSC 403:404 Introduction to Biological Instruction. 2 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and junior or senior standing, formal application, and a satisfactory interview.

BSC 407 Honors Seminar in Biological Sciences. 1 hour.
Prerequisite: Admission to the Biological Sciences Honors Program.

Seminar and discussion. In the first semester, students present seminars based on the current literature. In the second semester, students present seminars derived from their honors theses. A maximum of 4 hours of credit for BSC 407 may be applied to the requirements of the biology or microbiology major. Offered according to demand.

BSC 408 Marine Invertebrate Zoology (same as MS 408). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120,.

Comparative study of the major marine invertebrate phyla, protozoa through protochordates. The focus is on their morphology, physiology, ecology, and phylogenetic relationships. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 409 Hospital Apprenticeship I. 2 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and senior premedical student standing.

A one-semester apprenticeship at Northport Hospital–DCH. Students are assigned to or may select departments in which they will be given special tasks that contribute to the operation of these departments. This course is open only to senior premedical students. It does not count as applicable hours for the biology major or minor.

BSC 410 Hospital Apprenticeship II. 2 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and senior premedical student standing.

A continuation of BSC 409. A one-semester apprenticeship at Northport Hospital–DCH. Students are assigned to or may select departments in which they will be given special tasks that contribute to the operation of these departments. This course is open only to senior premedical students. It does not count as applicable hours for the biology major or minor.

BSC 411 Marsh Ecology (same as MS 411). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: General chemistry, general physics, general biology, MATH 125, and BSC 385 or BSC 480.

Study of the flora and fauna of various marine marsh communities. The interaction of physical and biological factors is emphasized. Field trips acquaint students with regional examples of marsh types.

BSC 412 Limnology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Study of freshwater environments and the organisms that live in lakes, ponds, and streams. May be taken with BSC 413 or separately.

BSC 413 Limnology Laboratory. 2 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

An optional laboratory accompanying BSC 412.

BSC 414 Dendrology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. Identification, classification, characteristics, and distribution of the principal forest trees of the United States. Two weekend field trips are required. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 415 Wetland Plant Ecology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 385 or permission of the instructor.

An in-depth analysis of wetland ecology emphasizing the biology and ecology of vascular plants, including plant adaptations to anaerobic soils, reproductive adaptations, habitat and plant zonation, and the role of plants in ecosystem function. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 416 Aquatic Vascular Plants. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 434.

Lecture and laboratory period. Identification, classification, characteristics, and distribution of aquatic plant species. One weekend field trip is required. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 417 Environmental Modeling. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, CH 101 or CH 117, CH 102 or CH 118, and MATH 125 (or equivalents).

An integrated study of quantitative principles and computer-based solution techniques important for understanding environmental systems and for environmental problem solving.

BSC 419 Marine Ecology. (same as MS 419). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: General chemistry, general physics, general biology, MATH 125, and BSC 385. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

Bioenergetics, community structure, population dynamics, predation, competition, and specialization in marine ecosystems.

BSC 420 Principles of Systematics. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 483 and BSC 360, BSC 373, or BSC 376 or permission of the instructor.

Introduction to the principles, methods, and applications of systematics to analysis of morphological and molecular data. Includes introduction to biological classifications and nomenclature.

BSC 421 Coastal Ornithology (same as MS 421). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 373.

Study of coastal and pelagic birds with emphasis on ecology, taxonomy, and distribution. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 422 Climate Dynamics. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: PH 101:102; MATH 125; GY 101:102.

A quantitative introduction to the earth’s climate on global and regional scales, including interactions between atmosphere, ocean, and biosphere. Offered in alternate years via IITS.

BSC 424 Human Physiology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 300.

Three lectures. Topics covered are the digestive, nervous, reproductive, immune, muscular, blood, cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, and body-fluid systems. May be taken with BSC 425 or separately.

BSC 425 Human Physiology Laboratory. 2 hours.

Prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 424.

Hands-on experience for understanding the principles and mechanisms of physiological processes of the human body. Major emphases on organ system performance, whole-body metabolism, and energetics.

BSC 428 Biology of Fishes. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 373 and BSC 385 or permission of the instructor.

Lecture and laboratory. Survey of the structure, function, ecology, and classification of fishes. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 431 Pathogenic Microbiology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

Three lectures. Study of microorganisms related to health and disease with emphasis on molecular mechanism of pathogenesis.

BSC 432 Pathogenic Microbiology Laboratory. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

Prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 431 or permission of the instructor.

Practical experience in the isolation, characterization, and identification of pathogenic microorganisms. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 433 Microbial Diversity. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

In-depth survey of the diversity of microbial life forms. Offered alternative years.

BSC 434 Plant Taxonomy. 4 hours.

Lecture and laboratory. Characteristics and distribution of the major families of vascular plants as well as practice in the collection and identification of flowering plants. One weekend field trip required. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 435 Immunology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

Thorough exploration of various aspects of modern immunology at the molecular and cellular levels.

BSC 436 Immunology Laboratory. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 435 or permission of the instructor.

Practical experience in modern immunological techniques. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 439 Molecular Biology Laboratory. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 450 or permission of the instructor.

Students participate in the generation of new knowledge, thus the experiments vary. Techniques taught include agarose gel electrophoresis, cycle sequencing, sequence analysis, plasmid purification, restriction endonuclease digestion, gel purification of DNA, ligation, transformation, primer design, PCR, gene knockouts, protein fusions, and enzyme assays.

BSC 441 Developmental Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 300 and BSC 315, or permission of the instructor.

The course provides basic information about events in developing animal systems, emphasizing cellular, molecular, and genetic research approaches to the study of development.

BSC 442 Integrated Genomics. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 300; prerequisite or corequisite: BSC 315.

An advanced discovery-based laboratory course designed to introduce the process of gene discovery and integrate modern genomics techniques and bioinformatic database usage.

BSC 444 General Virology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 300 or BSC 310, or permission of the instructor.

A survey of viruses, viral replication, and viral pathogenesis, including bacterial, animal, and plant viruses. The role of viruses in molecular biology is emphasized.

BSC 448 Introduction to Oceanography (same as MS 448). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: General physics, general biology, and MATH 125.

NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 450 Fundamentals of Biochemistry. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and CH 232.

A one-semester survey of protein structure, enzymes, bioenergetics, metabolism and its regulation. Designed for advanced undergraduate students. Offered fall semester.

BSC 451 Molecular Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 450 and BSC 311 or BSC 315 or CH 462.

A one-semester survey of molecular biology that emphasizes gene structure, function, and regulation of expression. Offered spring semester.

BSC 452 Marine Vertebrate Zoology (same as MS 452). 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 373 or BSC 400. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 453 Marine Botany (same as MS 453). 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 360 or BSC 371. NOTE: Taught summers at Dauphin Island Sea Lab.

BSC 456 Microbial Ecology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

Study of microorganisms in the environment, with emphasis on their roles in energy transformations, biogeochemical cycles, and biotic interactions.

BSC 457 Microbial Ecology Laboratory. 2 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

A laboratory course that provides training in techniques for examination of the abundance, diversity, and activity of microorganisms in natural water, soil, and sediment environments. Offered alternate years.

BSC 460 Human Developmental Biology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 300 and BSC 400 are recommended.

Lecture and laboratory. Development of the human embryo and fetus, including molecular, physiological, and structural aspects of morphogenesis, and functional development. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 464 Biology of Algae. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. Freshwater and marine algae—their structure, development, taxonomy, and distribution.

BSC 469 Histology of Vertebrates. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118 and BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. Identification of tissue types and components, histogenesis and function of tissues.

BSC 471 Plant Physiology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 300.

A general survey for upper-level undergraduate students covering all aspects of plant physiology including plant transport, translocation of sugars in plants, plant biochemistry, plant metabolism, plant growth and development, photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, flowering and plant hormones. The course will consist of lectures, in-class experiments, group discussions, presentations and other activities relating to course material.

BSC 472 Mycology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 310 or permission of the instructor.

Lecture and laboratory. Introduction to the fungi and their biology, including aspects of their structure and function, taxonomy, genetics, and ecology. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 475 General Entomology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120.

Lecture and laboratory. Survey of the structure, function, classification, and habits of insects.

BSC 476 Aquatic Insects. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 475 or permission of the instructor.

Lecture and laboratory. Survey of aquatic insects with emphasis on their identification, life histories, and ecology. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 482 Conservation Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and junior standing or permission of instructor.

Three lectures. A thorough examination of the principles of conservation biology.

BSC 483 Evolution. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and BSC 315.

Thorough investigation of evolution, including population genetics, molecular evolution, adaptation, and speciation. Offered in the spring semester.

BSC 484 Aquatic Biology Seminar. 1 hour.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and permission of the instructor.

Review and discussion of current topics in aquatic biology.

BSC 487 Biogeography. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 385 or permission of the instructor.

Examination of the ecological and historical factors influencing the geographic distribution of plants and animals. Offered alternate years.

BSC 490 Stream Ecology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 385.

Lecture and laboratory. Thorough study of the structural (physical and biological) and functional attributes (energy flow, nutrient cycling, community structure) characteristic of stream and river ecosystems. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 494 Signal Transduction in Neurobiology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 300, BSC 315, and BSC 441.

An advanced undergraduate seminar on current topics related to signal transduction as it pertains to the molecular basis of neurobiology and development. Offered in alternate years.

BSC 495 Advanced Cell Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BSC 300 or permission of the instructor.

The course presents the structures, functions, and relationships of cellular organelles and the cytoskeleton.

BSC 496 Bioremediation. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and permission of the instructor.

Study of the biological degradation of toxic chemicals in the environment.

BSC 497 Special Topics. 1 to 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 or BSC 118, BSC 116:117 or BSC 120, and permission of the instructor.

A biological sciences topic not covered in other courses. The credit hours and format are arranged as appropriate to the topic, and a course title is added when the course is taught. Offered according to demand.

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